The final report to the National Endowment for the Humanities of the APA (now SCS) Summer Institute in Computer Applications to Classical Studies, held at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign in 1969, and in which I was a participant, appears below. Directors of the Institute were the late Nathan Greenberg of Oberlin College, and John Bateman of the University of Illinois. The Summer Institute was a seminal experience in the development of digital methods in the Classics, starting with simply putting as much Greek and Latin literature in digital form as we could (mostly on IBM punched cards! I personally punched the texts of the complete Homeric Hymns and Hesiod's Theogony and Works and Days, all in capital letters and with no accents, because that's all the punched cards could record).

The participants in the Summer Institute varied widely in experience and interests, and visiting lecturers were equally varied. Introduction was made to programming languages that were important at the time (FORTRAN, PL/I, SNOBOL), and to statistics, linguistics, and various concepts for deriving information from and about the digitized texts. Many projects got their start or got a boost from participation in the Summer Institute, whereas others were well under way. Father Roberto Busa, S.J. of Gallarate, Italy, was close to completing his massive Index Thomisticus, an index to the complete works of Thomas Aquinas. David W. Packard, who now heads the Packard Humanities Institute, was developing his Ibycus Machine, a computer specifically designed to aid in the study and publication of research in Classics. My own book, Traditional Themes and the Homeric Hymns was prepared using an Ibycus system at Logoi Systems in Hanover, New Hampshire. Stephen V.F. Waite, founder of Logoi Systems, was also curator of one of the first libraries of machine-readable Classical texts, all contributed by volunteers like myself and participants in the Summer Institute. Projects done by other participants are described in the Report.

On July 20, 1969, we took time to watch the moon landing, sitting with the rest of the university community on the floor of the UIUC gymnasium, watching on the big screen as the Eagle landed and Neil Armstrong became the first human to walk on the Moon.

The complete report of the Summer Institute to the National Endowment for the Humanities, which provided a grant to help fund the project, is reproduced below.